Use the links below to learn how to write an annotated bibliography.

An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles and documents. Each citation is you note is followed by a brief descriptive paragraph, which is called the annotation. A properly researched and prepared annotated bibliography instructs readers about the accuracy and the quality of the sources cited. (The difference between a bibliography and an annotated bibliography is that a bibliography just includes a list of sources, there is no summary or evaluation about the sources.) Writing an annotated bibliography will help you determine which sources will be helpful to you in a research project.

• University of Toronto: Writing an Annotated Bibliography:

If the author is addressing an unusual audience or the intended audience impacted the nature of the information used in the article, you should mention the intended audience in your annotation. You may also want to include this if the author’s style makes the work easier or harder for potential readers to understand. (For example, if you’re writing an annotated bibliography evaluating sources for high school students, you should make note of works that are particularly dense reads.)


How to write an annotated bibliography?

. . How to Write an Annotated Bibliography. What is an annotated bibliography?

When you are writing academic papers from your term paper through to your PhD thesis you may be asked to include an annotated bibliography as one of your sections. A standard bibliography is just a list of the references that you have used within your work while an annotated bibliography requires you to make a comment regarding those references. Depending on the style and your tutor’s requirements when writing an annotated bibliography those comments can be a brief summary that provides the reader with a short abstract regarding the work or it can be an assessment of the work detailing its strengths and weaknesses and how you may have used it within your research.